BMS 644 Medical Gross Human Anatomy & Embryology I: 3 Credit Hours
BMS 645 Medical Gross Human Anatomy & Embryology II: 4 Credit Hours
Placement in the Curriculum: Year One
Duration: September - May
Synopsis: In this course taught over two semesters, the macroscopic structure of the adult human body is studied using a multimedia lecture and laboratory (cadaver dissection) format. The material is presented in three units of study based upon a regional dissection approach (Torso, Head & neck, Limbs) that emphasizes the spatial relationships between structures and their clinical relevance. Included are lecture series in radiologic anatomy and embryology that are integrated with the gross anatomy lecture and dissection topics. uman body is studied using a multimedia lecture and laboratory (cadaver dissection) format. The material is presented in three units of study based upon a regional dissection approach (limbs, torso, head and neck) that emphasizes the spatial relationships between structures and their clinical relevance. Included are lecture series in radiologic anatomy and embryology that are integrated with the gross anatomy lecture and dissection topics.
Competencies: In the process of completing this course, students acquire the following competencies:
● Know the gross morphological features of the major body systems, including the respective fascial and serosal compartments.
● Know the major developmental events in human embryology from fertilization through embryonic and fetal periods, and how these impact normal adult morphology (including anatomic variations) and congenital malformations.
● Be able to deduce the clinical consequences of lesions such as fractures, arterial occlusion, and nerve injuries at selected anatomic sites.
● Know the three-dimensional relationships between key structures at selected, clinically relevant sites.
● Know the actions of major muscle groups (compartments) and the respective neurovascular supplies.
● Be able to identify structures in dissected specimens and on plastic models.
● Be able to identify major anatomic structures via various medical imaging techniques (flat film, CT, MR), eg, PA chest, axial CTs of heart & stomach bed.
Key Words: Thorax, abdomen, pelvis & perineum, back, head & neck, upper limb, lower limb,radiologic anatomy, embryology.
Assessment: Each of the three units of study concludes with a laboratory exam (structure identification and interpretive, short-answer questions) and a USMLE-style, multiple-choice question exam (the Torso unit is completed in the Fall semester, Head & neck and Limbs units in the Spring semester). [NOTE: There is no MCQ exam at the end of the Limbs units.] The NBME Subject Examination in Gross Anatomy and Embryology comprises the cumulative final at course’s end. Lab exams emphasize knowledge about structures, not merely nomenclature and identity. USMLE-style MCQ exams emphasize problem-solving in clinical scenarios.
● Multimedia lectures [handouts (Embryology and Radiology), PowerPoint (Embryo and Radiology), overheads (Gross Anatomy), computer animation, demonstrations]
● Radiology lectures by attending radiologist
● Selected lectures by attending clinicians and complementary alternative medicine practitioners
● Required commercial dissection manual, textbooks and atlas with assigned readings
● Computer-assisted instruction in Radiology (via CD on reserve in Health Sciences Library)
● Videos of dissection demonstrations (on course’s Blackboard® site)
● Active dissection laboratories under faculty supervision (full-body dissection format)
● Small group teaching emphasized in laboratory (6 students/cadaver, 24-30 students/instructor)
● Assigned disarticulated skeletons for home study
● Plastic articulated skeletons and models for use in laboratory
● Key radiologic images (labeled) on view in laboratory for study
● Bi-weekly laboratory quizzes and Saturday reviews (video recorded in downloadable format on Blackboard® for viewing via computer or iPod)
● Practice TLEs (teaching-learning exams: MCQ format) and student-directed mock laboratory exams (i.d. & short-answer format) during study week prior to end-of-unit exams
● Blackboard® posting of announcements, unit syllabi, lecture handouts, Saturday review videos, dissection video demos, computer animation of selected embryologic events, lecture handouts, Saturday quizzes, practice MCQ exams and selected external links