BMS 647 Neuroanatomy: 3 Credit Hours
Placement in the Curriculum: Year One
Duration: January - March
Synopsis: In Human Neuroanatomy, students learn about the basic structures and relationships of the central nervous system. The course covers general principles of the development, connectivity, and blood supply of central nuclei and tracts, and the control over the peripheral nervous system. Review of selected degenerative or traumatic lesions emphasizes anatomical/clinical relevance of the material. The laboratory is an integral part of the learning environment. A parallel course in neurophysiology complements learning the material.
Competencies: In the process of completing this course, students acquire the following competencies:
● Identify major landmarks of the central nervous system and correlate them with a known function.
● Identify the blood supply and patterns of vascularization of different parts of the CNS.
● Understand the anatomical organization of sensory systems.
● Understand the basic components of the limbic system.
● Describe the organization of the CNS as a motor effector and the proposed roles of the component parts.
● Differentiate the locations within the CNS where lesions can result in given constellations of clinical signs.
● Introduce development and repair of the nervous system, and trophic substances involved.
Key Words: Neuron, glia, synapse, efferent, ventricles, hemispheres, ganglia, brain stem, cerebellum, tracts, myelin, nuclei, cranial nerves, colliculus, reticular formation, cortex.
Assessment: Departmental laboratory mid-term and final skills exams and March final exam, in which the questions are mixed with those from Neurophysiology. James Scholar students demonstrate competencies by sitting for Departmental/Skills exams and Final exams.
Instructional Features: Lectures, labs, wet specimens and cross sections, clinical correlations, imaging of the brain, teaching learning exams, UIC SPINAL CORD AND BRAIN STEM ATLAS, a computer-based instructional program. Study questions, lab introductions, Powerpoint lecture handouts, practice quizzes at our web site http://tigger.uic.edu/classes/anat/anat403/
-Please note some of the lectures in neurophysiology, particularly motor systems and visual system, will apply to this course as well.
Course Integration: Neuroanatomy integrates with the teaching of gross anatomy, e.g. cranial nerve functions, with clinical imaging and with neurophysiology, with which some lectures are shared. The directed learning prepares students to understand the basics of reflexes elicited in a neurological examination, and, when the brain is damaged, the combnination of deficits, neighborhood signs, that may occur because functions are processed in close proximity to each other (e.g. they may share a common blood supply). The instructors introduce some of the stratagies being developed to aid in recovery from nervous system disorders.