Policy 1: Safety Precautions
It is the policy of the Center for MR Research to provide the following safety procedures for the subject and staff members.
A. Patient Safety
1. Transportation of UICMC Patients between UICMC Buildings will be done in compliance with CC 6.02 and CC 6.03 of hospital policy.
2. Every effort will be made to observe the patients/subjects at all times while in the imaging room or hallway.
3. Side rails or restraining devices must be used for patients transported by stretcher.
4. Patients shall be properly immobilized while on the examination table.
5. Proper assistance must be given when transferring the patient from the stretcher or wheelchair for an imaging exam.
B. Fire & Explosion
1. In the event of fire, the fire alarm must always be activated and proper personnel shall be notified. All patients/subjects must be placed in a safe area, not left in the hallways.
2. In the event of fire in an examination room, immediately turn off the main power switch.
3. Always follow hospital fire instructions. Center for MR Research will always be in compliance with Hospital policy EC 1.01 and EC 1.02 and Radiology department policy 01-01-0011.
C. Personnel Radiation Safety
1. When a staff member notices a defect in the equipment it should be reported immediately to the supervisor.
2. If sparking or burning odor is noted the equipment should be turned off, the circuit breaker should also be turned off. It should be reported to the supervisor.
3. If equipment that slides or rolls seems difficult to move or unstable, it should be reported to the supervisor.
4. Equipment with sharp edges, missing guards or bent guides should be reported to the supervisor.
Policy 2: Patient/Subject/Visitor/ And other members of the Healthcare Team Safety (MR)
It is the policy of the Center for MR Research to provide guidelines for patient/subject and members of the healthcare team and visitors safety while in the MR environment.
A. Patient/Subject Safety
1. Screening must be completed on all patients/subjects prior to entering the magnet room. The assessment form must be completed and signed. Orbital CT will be required on all subjects who have a history of metal in the eye.
2. Patient/Subject will be observed at all times while in the magnet.
3. Patient/Subject shall be properly immobilized while on the MR table.
4. Proper assistance must be given when transferring the patient from the stretcher or wheelchair for an MR exam.
5. If there is a reason to believe a patient/subject may be pregnant, she will not be examined before her physician is notified and/or a radiologist consulted and the examination is determined essential to the patient’s care.
6. Patient/subject should be notified to advise staff of warm or strange sensations while in the magnet.
7. Patients with aneurysm clips will not be placed in the Center for MR Research scanner until we are in posession of documentaition stating that the aneurysm clip has been tested safe for 3T. The document must include the following information:
a) manufacturer of the clip,
b) make and model,
c) where the surgery was done.
8. Any subject having magnetic resonance sequences must have hearing protective devices IN PLACE before proceeding with scan.
9. Staff is required to check under EKG patches and gating devices at patient contact locations at regular intervals throughout the exam on patients sedated or unable to communicate a problem.
10. Patient exposed regions should not be allowed to come into contact with the bore of the magnet (housing) itself.
11. All unnecessary/extraneous electrical conductors should be removed from the bore during imaging.
12. Care should be taken to ensure that no unnecessary loops are made by any electrical conductor in the imaging system. These include such entities as EKG, gating wires, surface coil leads, etc.
13. The Patient’s/Subject’s skin should not be involved in any electrical conductive loop. EKG lead should be braided around each other to decrease the possibility of forming a large radius loop. However, EKG, surface coil and pulse oximeter cables should not be braided together as this may interfere with monitoring capabilities. These wires should also be kept as far as possible from the walls of the magnet bore.
14. Thermal insulators (including space/air) should be used between any electrical conductor device and the patient to ensure that the potential for burns from the thermal conductivity from electrical conductors in the imaging system with the patient would be minimized.
B. Family/Ancillary Staff Safety
1. Screening must be complete on all visitors prior to him/her entering the magnet room. Should a visitor require medical attention (e.g. x-rays; CT) to comply with our medical screening, then the radiologist must request the testing.
C. Patient Medical Emergency
1. All medical emergencies involving patients in the magnet room should observe the following procedures:
a. Check patient status. If the patient is in cardio insufficiency then:
b. Press Stop Scan button on console immediately.
c. Open Scan door. Notify emergency personnel (Call 171. Say “Number One Emergency in MRI Center Room 1A first floor, South tower, 1801 W. Taylor (OCC).” specify adult or pediatric depending on age of patient. Provide your name, telephone number, and patient name, if known.)
d. Evacuate patient by depressing the blue emergency release button located at the foot of table. Push table slightly forward and pull cradle out of magnet until fully retracted. Unlock table by pushing yellow emergency release button found on either side of patient table.
e. If surface or head coil is in use, disconnect prior to removing table from position.
f. Transfer patient to designated emergency area (Patient prep area immediately outside of Scanner Room).
Policy 3: Emergency Crash Cart and Emergency Drug Box
The Center for MR Research has been provided access to emergency drug boxes and emergency crash cart for management of acute medical emergencies. The emergency crash cart is to be used for Number 1 Emergencies only (Cardiopulmonary arrests). The emergency equipment is available for adult and pediatric emergencies. (Addendum A – Emergency Equipment location)
The pharmacy is responsible for maintenance and upkeep of these emergency crash carts and emergency drug boxes. Contents are specified on the inventory-charging sheet and each emergency drug box must have a listing of drug content. In addition each emergency crash cart and emergency box must have a content expiration date sheet attached. (Addendum B – Expiration Date Sheet).
A. Emergency Crash Cart
1. All emergency crash carts are to be checked by a pharmacist prior to delivery to the floor. Each emergency crash cart should have an expiration date sheet attached on the outside with the expiration date signed by the pharmacist who checked the contents. All carts should be locked using a non-reusable device. All inpatient carts will be locked using a serial number device with the corresponding number documented on the expiration sheet.
2. Expiration dates on emergency crash carts and emergency drug boxes in the area will be reviewed each month and documented on the monthly check form by the assigned Clinical Research Coordinator or Magnetic Resonance Technologist.
3. The Clinical Research Coordinator or Magnetic Resonance Technologist will check the equipment on the crash cart daily for readiness. The daily check will be recorded on the appropriate tracking sheet.
4. Immediately following a Number One Emergency the emergency crash cart must be replaced. The satellite pharmacist/ER resident attending the arrest will be responsible for the following:
a. the emergency crash cart must be exchanged as the Center for MR Research must never be left without an emergency crash cart.
b. the charge included with the emergency crash cart must be stamped with the patient’s name and account number.
5. After the use of the emergency drug box the assigned Center staff will deliver the drug box to the pharmacy for restocking. A requisition and voucher will be generated for the replacement item charges.
Policy 4: Guidelines For Handling Sharps
It is the policy of the Center for MR Research to provide guidelines for the handling of sharps, reusable sharps, and the safe and proper disposal of contaminated and other sharp material. This is consistent with the UIC Policy.
Sharps are generally disposable items, which are used to puncture or cut through the skin for medical/surgical procedures. All sharp items when handled improperly may cause not only a laceration but also infection.
A. Disposable sharp items include but are not limited to:
1.) Disposable plastic syringes with needles.
2.) Disposable glass syringes with needles.
3.) IV administration sets (intercath, butterfly needles, etc.)
4.) Blood collecting needles.
5.) Lancets, pinprick, suture needles.
6.) Disposable cutting blade (razors/scalpels)
7.) Glass ampoules, broken glass
8.) Disposable metal pharmaceutical seals, i.e. as on IV bottles
I. Storage of Sharps
A. Unused syringes and needles are kept in a location in order to prevent unauthorized use.
II. Handling of Sharps
A. Wash your hands prior to handling sharps. This decreases the chances of infection. Wear gloves to protect you from surface contamination, when appropriate.
B. Avoid touching the sharpened edge/point.
C. Keep the protective covering in place (while transporting the sharps) until the sharp item is needed.
D. Never carry sharps in a pocket without a plastic cap in place.
E. Discard all the disposable sharps according to instructions below.
F. Remove all full contaminated boxes as outlined below.
III. Guidelines for disposing of disposable sharps
A. To discard disposable needles/syringes or any other potential sharps that have been used in normal situations or isolation cases.
1. After injection do not recap the needle.
2. Take the used sharp to the nearest sharp disposal box
3. Place entire needle and syringe in container
4. Take care not to overfill the box
5. Never place used sharps in the regular trash.
B. Procedure for disposable needles/syringes ampoules contaminated with radioactive materials.
1. After injection recap the needle, except butterflies. Safe needle recapping is required.
2. Place entire item in the red cover sharps box provided for that purpose.
3. Never place used sharps in the regular trash.
IV. Procedure for removing full contaminated boxes
A. Needle boxes or Sharps containers.
1. Close opening and secure.
2. Contact housekeeping for pick up of the full box. The full box should be picked up by housekeeping services
3. Place the new empty box in service immediately.
B. If the disposable needle box contains radioactive material
1. Close the lid, label and date.
2. Place the entire box in the area for holding radioactive decay storage.
3. When the material is safe radiation safety will supervise the incineration.
V. Guidelines to follow when a cut or puncture wound occurs when handling sharps:
A. Press a few drops of blood to minimize contamination.
B. Wash site for 10 minutes with antibacterial soap and running water.
C. Apply cold water to area to stop bleeding.
D. Try to determine if the item involved was clean or contaminated. IF the case is unknown, consider it contaminated. Try to determine if used on a particular patient. If used on an outpatient, request that the patient wait for potential blood work.
E. Immediately inform the supervisor and secure a medical evaluation per HMPP HR 1.01 (At all times to Emergency Services Department (ESD) for severe injuries and for serious work related injuries. During normal business hours to University Health Services (UHS). During non-business hours and on weekends and holidays ESD. An employee initially seen in ESD must report to UHS on the next business day.)
SEE ALSO HMPP IC 3.01A for Management of Employee Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids.
Policy 5: Infection Control/Universal Precautions
It is the policy of the Center for MR Research to protect both the subject and the department staff by minimizing the exposure to communicable disease. Further, it is the policy of the Center for MR Research to provide a safe environment for patients, subjects, employees, students, and volunteers through minimizing the risk of transmission of infectious diseases that are blood/body fluid borne. To facilitate these policy objectives, universal precautions will be maintained as described in UIC Policy.
Definition (universal precautions)
Universal precautions define any patient as potentially infectious and recommend the use of barrier protection and equipment where appropriate.
A. University of Illinois at Chicago Hospital
In addition to the use of Universal Precautions for all subjects, the UICH utilizes additional Isolation/Precautions described below.
1. Strict – to prevent transmission of all highly communicable diseases that are spread by both contact and airborne routes of transmission.
2. Respiratory – to prevent transmission of organisms by means of droplets and droplet nuclei that are coughed, sneezed or breathed into the environment.
1. Direct Contact – to prevent transmission of epidemiologically significant microorganisms by personnel having direct contact with patient/subject body sites colonized or infected with such organisms.
2. Chicken pox/Shingles – to prevent employees susceptible to chicken pox from acquiring infection from patients/subjects with chickenpox/shingles.
I. Strict Isolation – highly communicable disease transmitted by both the respiratory route and by direct contact.
A. The imaging and waiting room to receive a strict isolation patient should have all unnecessary ancillary equipment removed.
B. The strict isolation patient will be taken directly into the designated exam room and will not be left in the halls or waiting area.
C. The patient should be wearing a gown and a mask.
D. Only a limited number necessary imaging staff will be in the room during the procedure.
1. Gowns – individual gown technique is imperative for all persons entering the room.
2. All persons entering the room must wear masks.
3. Hands must be washed with Betadine for at least 30 seconds before and after contact with he patient.
4. All persons entering the room must wear gloves.
5. All disposable dressings, or other contaminated disposable items should be put into red hazardous waste bags prior to leaving the room. Linen should be put into the red plastic bags and handled as contaminate/biohazardous.
6. All needles and sharps should be placed in impervious plastic needle boxes available in each room. Needles should never be recapped. See Safety Policy 4.
7. Special procedure trays and special instruments should be separated into: a) disposable, b) autoclavable, c) linen, etc. The instruments and trays should be seen to Central Service for decontamination/sterilization. Routine inspection of holding areas for outdated trays and supplies is mandatory. Linen should be placed in blue linen bags and handled as contaminated.
8. During or immediately following the procedure, the Housekeeping Department should be notified that the exam room and equipment must be cleaned.
9. No personnel should enter the exam room until it has been cleaned.
II. Respiratory Isolation – infectious droplets that are coughed, sneezed or breathed into the environment. Childhood diseases including mumps, rubella (German measles), and measles are put into this category.
ATTENTION: Pregnant staff members should not perform examinations of rubella patients
A. Imaging room should be ready to receive the patient as soon as possible upon his/her arrival.
B. Patient should be wearing a mask during transport and the procedure, if possible.
1. Gowns are not necessary, unless dictated by Universal Precautions needs.
2. Masks are necessary while in close proximity with the patient. (This includes all persons entering the exam room.)
3. Hands must be washed with Betadine for at least 30 seconds.
4. Gloves are not necessary, unless dictated by Universal Precautions needs.
5. Needles and syringes – needle box – disposed by Housekeeping.
6. Dressings and tissues should be put in red hazardous waste bags to be incinerated without being opened.
7. Linen – blue plastic bags.
8. The patient’s chart may be taken into the room
9. Normal housekeeping procedures.
III. Cleaning Procedures in Patient Care Areas
The pulse oximeter and sensor, dynamap, etc. should be cleaned after every patient use with a low level disinfectant. Visible contamination with blood should be cleaned with 10% Clorox solution.
Instrumentation is cleaned after each patient use with alcohol or bleach solution. Patient restraints are soaked in a Clorox solution for disinfection.
Any employee who experiences a needle stick or cut with a sharp instrument or a splash of blood or body fluids into a mucous membrane (eye, nose, mouth) should report to their supervisor and University Health Services. See Safety Policy 4.
Outdated materials and items must be discarded appropriately.
Please see Hospital Policy IC 1.02, 1.03, 2.01, 2.02, 2.03, 2.04, 2.05, 3.01A, 3.01B, 3.02, and 4.00 for more detailed information regarding any of the above items. The Center for MR Research will always comply with UICMC Hospital policies on infection control.
Policy 6: Equipment Safety
It is the policy of the Center for MR Research to provide guidelines for maintaining equipment safety. There is an equipment management program designed to assess and control the clinical and physical risks of fixed and portable equipment used for the diagnosis, treatment and care of patients. Written criteria will include the characteristics of equipment function, clinical application, maintenance requirements and equipment incident history.
All patient care monitoring equipment shall be inspected and tested by CES (Clinical Engineering Services) prior to use when new, after any repairs are made, and at intervals not to exceed 6 months thereafter. In compliance with University of Illinois at Chicago Radiology Policy 05-02-0005
Before a new piece of equipment is used, the medical physicist in Radiology evaluates it, and the evaluation is documented. In compliance with University of Illinois at Chicago Radiology Policy 05-02-0005
Equipment such as leads, EKG, pulse oximeter, surface coils, should be checked by Center for MR Research staff prior to each patient application.
Staff shall report any defective equipment.
Equipment with sharp edges or missing guards should be reported to the supervisor.
< If the oxygen alarm sounds, immediately open the scan room door. Stop scan by pressing the Stop Scan button on the MR console. Evacuate the area. In the event that the scan room door should ever jam, access to the scan room can be achieved through the view window.
Notify equipment service engineer to remove any metal object(s) that may be in the field or stuck to the side of the magnet. Trying to remove the objects yourself could result in a serious personal injury or spontaneous quench of the magnet.
Policy 7: Electronics Laboratory safety and inventory control
It is the policy of the Center for MR Research to provide guidelines for the safe use and inventory control of the equipment and supplies in the electronics laboratory.
I. Equipment and Supplies
A. Anyone borrowing tools from the electronics lab or machine shop must record his/her name, the date and the item borrowed on the Instrument/Tool Sign-Out Form located in the Electronics Laboratory. (See attachment)
B. Tools or instruments must be returned on the same day in order to best assure availability of the limited resources. If the item is needed for a longer time, approval from the Engineer for the Center for MR Research is required.
C. All tools must be returned to the original storage site after use.
D. Anyone using any components or parts from the lab must complete the Parts Order Form (See attachment) to replace the used components or parts. If the items are already in short supply (only one or two remaining), they are not to be used without first obtaining approval of the Engineer for the Center for MR Research or the Center Director.
E. All cabinets and drawers should be labeled to identify contents. If you use any unlabeled shelves or drawers, action should be initiated to label the storage area. Coordinate labeling with the Engineer for the Center for MR Research.
F. The door to the Electronics Laboratory must be locked upon completion of your work.
A. All users must be sure to turn off the power and/or unplug any instruments, power tools and soldering irons after use.
B. Safety glasses or other appropriate eye protection must be worn whenever required in the Electronics Laboratory.
C. Users must clean the area after finishing work, paying special attention to the counters and other work surfaces. Housekeeping is not responsible for cleaning these areas so all must assume responsibility for maintaining a clean shop.
D. Only qualified users may use the electronics laboratory instruments and tools. The Engineer for the Center for MR Research or an appointee shall provide appropriate instruction to any unqualified person prior to their use of the laboratory equipment
Policy 8: POWER FAILURE - EMERGENCY
To continue essential services during a power failure, Center staff should be aware of and observe emergency procedures applicable to power failure.
Electrical service maintained by emergency power:
1. Minimal hallway lighting
2. Emergency hallway lighting (red lights)
3. ID Activated doors
5. Selected wall receptacles (red plates)
ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN
A. Identify immediate priorities – patient/subject and staff safety
B. Organize available resources to meet immediate priorities
C. Determine extent of power failure
1) local failures such as circuit breakers affecting an outlet, room or a small section
2) major failure affecting entire building or portions of the campus
D. If emergency power is available, plug life sustaining equipment into receptacle on emergency power system (red plates)
FOR LOCAL POWER FAILURE
A. Notify electrician at extension 6-7511 when failure occurs during the day shift
B. For 24 hour call extension 6-7180 – routing heat, light, or power
FOR MAJOR POWER FAILURE
A. Notify electrician at extension 6-7511 when failure occurs during the day shift.
B. For 24 hour call extension 6-7180 – routing heat, light, or power
Notify Director or designate on call/duty
C. Reassure patients/subjects that they are in no immediate danger.
Policy 9: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
The Center for MR Research recognizes that the patient, staff, or visitor who experiences the sudden, unexpected cessation of cardiopulmonary functions, is best managed by an interdisciplinary team trained and equipped to implement cardiopulmonary resusitation (CPR). All Center for MR Research staff will be certified in Basic Life Support (BLS – Adult/Pediatric); Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS); Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) and will maintain current certification throughout their employment with the Center. Documentation of current certification must be maintained in each staff member’s human resource file.
Center for MR Research staff will honor patients’ written, dated, and signed advance directives and living wills as well as do-not-resuscitate orders (see HMPPs RI 4.02 Advance Directives; RI 4.03 Do not Resuscitate for adult patients; and RI 4.04 Do not Resuscitate for pediatric patients).
Any Center for MR Research staff who initiates CPR must be trained as a basic life support provider.
The CPR team shall consist of 1) a medical physician-resident certified in Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), 2) an anesthesiology physician-resident, 3) nurses who staff the Center for MR Research, 4) nurse from the Critical Care/Emergency Services Division (ESD), 5) pharmacist, 6) respiratory therapist, and 7) transporter assigned by Transport Dispatch Center. The Code Team Leader is the senior medical physician.
The nurse must complete a CPR documentation form for every CPR. The Code Team leader must sign the completed CPR documentation form.
The UICMC CPR Team will be activated by dialing 171.
I. Summoning the UICMC CPR Team
Policy 10: Adverse Drug Reaction – Clinical Studies
To recognize our responsibility for reporting adverse drug reactions as a means for improvement of patient care and outcomes.
For the purpose of this policy, the following definitions apply:
An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is “any response to a drug that is noxious and unintended and that occurs in doses used in man for prophylaxis, diagnosis or therapy, excluding failure to accomplish the intended purpose” (source: World Health Organization Technical Report, 1969, No. 425). Any reaction requiring a major change in the patients’ management, e.g., hospitalization, prolonged length of hospital stay, or alterations in drug therapy, must be reported. Reactions may include:
1. Those resulting from an exaggerated, but otherwise usual or expected, pharmacological action of the drug, e.g., hypokalemia-induced dysrhythmias secondary to diuretic therapy administration;
2. Reactions resulting from an unexpected, aberrant response to the pharmacological action of a drug when given in therapeutic doses, e.g., malignant hyperthermia from anesthesia and many immunologically-mediated reactions; and
3. Severe reactions resulting from deviations from the established drug therapy regimen, e.g., asystole secondary to rapid intravenous administration of phenytoin and acute renal failure due to elevated vancomycin serum concentrations.
In compliance with the recommendations of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, the Center for MR Research maintains a formalized Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Program consistent with the University of Illinois at Chicago Medical Center policy. This program also reflects the guidelines of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for reporting and documenting unusual, serious, or life threatening reactions to drugs.
The UICMC Pharmacy Quality Assurance Area shall coordinate the Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Program under the auspices of the UICMC Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee.
All health care professionals must report and document any incident in which an adverse drug reaction is suspected.
A. Any Health Professional Suspecting an ADR must notify a physician-resident and/or attending physician.
B. Physician will assess the nature of the ADR and manage the patient accordingly.
C. Physician, Pharmacist, Nurse or MR Technologist administering medication will -
1. Document the ADR in the patient’s medical record.
2. Complete Adverse Drug Reaction Report Form (see Addendum) and forward it to any pharmacy area. If assistance is needed to complete the form, help is available from a pharmacist. NOTE: Copies of Adverse Drug Reaction Report Form are available in central pharmacy, all satellite pharmacies, and the Pharmacy Quality the department. The ADR form is also located in the Outlook Public Folders under Pharmacy/ Forms.
3. Provide information for follow-up (patient outcome), if requested.
D. Pharmacy Department will
1. Assist in completing Adverse Drug Reaction Report Form if contacted with report of a suspected ADR, or upon detection of an ADR.
2. Review Adverse Drug Reaction Report Form and judge need to contact pharmaceutical manufacturer and/or FDA.
3. Inform Risk Management when appropriate (see MCMPP EC 3.01 Patient Occurrence/ Sentinel Event Reporting).
4. If the drug involved in the report is an investigational agent, contact the principal investigator. If necessary, aid in the completion of any forms for the Institutional Review Board and study sponsor.
5. Conduct quarterly reviews of ADRs to determine any significant trends.
6. Provide quarterly summary of all reported ADRs to Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee.
7. Provide quarterly summary of all reported ADRs to the Quality Management Department for distribution to the medical staff’s departmental quality assurance programs.
E. UICMCPharmacy and Therapeutics Committee will
1. Initiate changes in drug use policies and procedures when appropriate.
2. Monitor the adverse drug reaction program.
Adverse Drug Reaction Report Form
University of Illinois at Chicago Medical Center,
Medical Center Management Policy and Procedure Manual,
EC 3.01 Patient Occurrence/ Sentinel Event Reporting
World Health Organization Technical Report, 1969, No. 425
Policy 11: Quality Assurance Procedures
Policy Quality Assurance is performed daily at 8AM on the Synchronization Control System.
1. Turn on all equipment and check to see if functioning properly:
A. Boot up SCS: PC Workstation, LCD Monitor, and SCS control box.
B. Turn on Pulse oximetry.
C. Turn on eye camera and LCD viewer.
D. Install and check LED illumination on coil.
E. Turn on projector: Apply power and press POWER button to operate projector lamp.
F. Start the labview program: Synchronization Control System.
2. Perform projector QA and image alignment:
A. Check visor transparency – Install the transparency if it has been removed. The transparency on the visor must be checked to make sure that it is in the proper position. The position of the fixation cross on the transparency should be 10.6 cm from the left screen inside edge and 4.5 cm from the top screen inside edge.
B. Check the projector trolley wheels for dust – this can offset vertical alignment.
C. Check that cables do not interfere with projector movement.
D. Confirm that the Head Coil base is correctly seated and clamped on the patient table. This affects the visor screen alignment.
E. Line up the projected cross with the cross on the visor. The file “QA paradigm.avi” is projected and is used to align the projected fixation cross with the cross on the visor.
3. Run the QA paradigm to check the projected image:
A. The width of the projected image should be 7 inches when land marked according to the QA marker located on the visor.
B. Check for dust in the lens. Look for color specks in a dark background.
C. Check for any delays within the paradigm or any flashing of the projected image.
D. Time the paradigm with a stopwatch to make sure it runs for the correct amount of time.
4. The SCS system is used to record the following data to a file. File is then checked.
C. SpO2 level
D. Trigger signal from GEMS 3T
E. Finger switches
Policy 12: Patient Safety and Screening for 3T examinations
All outpatient and inpatient requests for 3T MRI studies must have proper screening documentation. It is the responsibility of the technologist performing the exam to read all attached patient documentation prior to placing any patient into the 3T scan room.
* Any patient with a known and well documented medical device that is NOT deemed SAFE at 3T will not be scanned at 3T.
* A 1.5T exam may be performed at the discretion of the ordering MD and ONLY if the medical device is deemed SAFE at 1.5T.
1. All outpatient 3T requests MUST have the "3T Patient Pre-Screen" section filled out in its entirety.
2. The person scheduling any outpatient will be responsible for obtaining the responses from the patient or guardian for the "3T Patient Pre-Screen" section prior to scheduling an appointment. (This is mandatory EVEN IF THE ORDERING MD HAS FILLED OUT THIS SECTION)
3. All aneurysm clips, heart valves, and other well known MRI medical device safety hazards will require proper identification and documentation prior to scheduling or entering the 3T scan room.
4. All questionable medical devices will require full documentation of the Make, Model, and date the device was implanted without exception.
5. The technologist is to bring the patient screening form to either Dr. Thulborn or Mike Flannery to check for potential risks prior to taking any patient in the 3T room.
6. It will be the responsibility of the scanning technologist to evaluate continued patient safety throughout the exam.
7. All unknown artifacts seen on an image(s) should be immediately questioned and the scanning technologist should seek expert advice from a radiologist and/or another qualified technologist before proceeding with the exam.
1. All inpatient 3T requests will require a 3T patient safety screening form to be completed before sending for the patient.
2. The screening form will be sent to the appropriate floor via the tube system to be filled out by the patient, guardian, and/or nurse.
3. Proceed by following the same procedure for outpatient exams (3-8 above).
Date: Rev 2, 10/06